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Awards and bursaries
The Keith Matthews Awards 2018 for the best of 2017
At the time of the awards announcement for the Keith Matthews best book award for books published in 2016, the committee was not in a position to make an award for the best book published in 2016. We are now happy to do so. The Keith Matthews Award for the best book published in 2016 is presented to Scottish Arctic Whaling by Chesley W. Sanger of the Memorial University of Newfoundland, published by John Donald of Edinburgh. This is the first modern study to look exclusively at Scottish whaling. Covering the period c.1750 to the First World War this work follows the many alterations of course as the industry followed species to new hunting grounds, frequently more dangerous because of the distances to be travelled in relation to the season of open sea, the nature of the ice encountered, and weather. The analysis relies heavily on data culled from newspaper accounts of vessels departing for the hunt or returning with a record of their catch. This in itself represents considerable research on the part of the author. It is supported by graphs, charts and tables. As the book chronicles the changes in the industry experienced by the Scottish fleet over the period, it is sure to be used as a comparative benchmark for future whaling studies.
The Keith Matthews best book awards for books published in 2017
The committee believes that this year marks the first time recognition has been given to an edited volume. No one familiar with, for example, the Champlain Society works, could doubt for a second that an edited volume can represent every bit as much work on the part of the editor as a work written exclusively by one author. We should note that there was some discussion about guidelines as we applied the general criteria of "by a Canadian author on any subject or by anyone of a Canadian subject" to edited works.
Your awards committee is pleased to recognize with an honourable mention The Social History of English Seamen, 1650 - 1850. It is the companion volume to an earlier work that covered the period 1485 - 1649. Both were edited by Cheryl Fury of the University of New Brunswick, and published by Boydell Press. A colleague in the academic world said of this book, "Cheryl's collection is simply great. ... The coverage in the book is amazing. Gems from a formidable collection of folks who've done path breaking work." To this a member of the awards committee added that the contributors had "tackled some of the newer aspects of maritime history and so represent more of the cutting edge. Social and gender issues are part of this, as are labour questions, victualling and other neglected fields. As such this is an important work, providing a CNRS Keith Matthews Award usefully wide range of subjects to the general subject matter and as such provides a helpful collection in a single volume. Fury, herself, in her concluding essay identifies her goal of breathing life into the obscure participants in the maritime endeavour and on whose labours the great and good achieved their great fame and victories. There is much to learn and enjoy here." The committee also believed it was important to recognize the enormous work and leadership of an editor responsible for a work of this scale.
Keith Matthews Award for best book
The committee also believes it may be breaking new ground with the best book award. In past years it has not been unusual to give an honourable mention to more than one book. While this year only one book has been so recognized, we believe this may be the first time that the best book award has been shared. In alphabetical order by author's name, the awards committee is happy to recognize: Churchill and Fisher: Titans of the Admiralty by Barry Gough, published by Seaforth Publishing. Comments by the awards committee members included:
This is an important book on a controversial subject of the First World War that has raised the bar for future scholarship.
And for something completely different (and hence members will appreciate the dilemma that faced the awards committee) we also recognize with the Keith Matthews Best Book award,
Spindrift: A Canadian Book of the Sea, edited by Michael L. Hadley and Anita Hadley, published by Douglas & McIntyre.
Finally, no award has been made for a book deserving special recognition.
The Keith Matthews Award for the best article published in 2017
The Keith Matthews Award for the best Article published in 2017 in The Northern Mariner/Le marin du nord is given to Jan Drent for The Trans-Pacific Lend-Lease Shuttle to the Russian Far East 1941-46.
The piece sheds light on the little known but critically important shipment of Lend- Lease supplies from Canadian and US Pacific ports to the USSR during the Second World War with new archival research and Russian-language literature. It is a "wonderful sea story," featuring vivid descriptions of the formidable weather and navigational challenges in the north Pacific, including friendly and Japanese minefields and accidental attack by US submarines in the eastern ocean. The article, notable for the breadth of its analysis, also describes the experiences of Soviet merchant navy crews in North American ports, including surveillance by the Soviet security services as a guard against defection.
Honourable Mention is given to Merlin Bunt and Trevor Williams, The Last Steamboat Whistle: The Rise and Demise of Chilliwack Landing at Skwah First Nation, 1863-1928. This work of substantial, wide-ranging research skillfully incorporates engaging personal accounts of those who built steamboat services on the lower Fraser River. The lively narrative draws out the hitherto unknown story of the large role of Indigenous peoples in the development of navigation from New Westminster to the interior, from early European settlement through to demise of steamboat service in the face of competition from railroads in the 1920s.
The committee gives special recognition to the important reflections on maritime history by two founders of our societies and this journal: John B. Hattendorf, Ubi Sumus? Twenty-Five Years Later and Michael L. Hadley, Maritime Nation or Maritime Narrative: The Humanist Case for Canada.
The Keith Matthews Awards 2017 for the best of 2016
The Keith Matthews Award for the Best Book is not awarded for a book published 2016, there having been no submissions meeting the criteria. However, we are pleased to present the Award for a Book Deserving Special Recognition to Colin Henthorne for The Queen of the North Disaster: The Captain's Story, Madeira Park, BC: Harbour Publishing Co. Ltd, 2016. The author provides a comprehensive and balanced account of the tragedy. One committee member found the command perspective particularly interesting and, for non-maritime readers, thought it very useful.
The Keith Matthews Award for the Best Article published in The Northern Mariner/Le marin du nord is given to Anthony Dickinson for Maritime Support for Great Britain's Antarctic Sovereignty Claim: Operation Tabarin and the 1944-45 Voyage of the Newfoundland Sealing Ship Eagle. This interesting and in places gripping narrative based upon exhaustive primary research describes how British determination to show the flag in pursuit of sovereignty in the Antarctic during the Second World War was suitably ramshackle. The resonance for Canada is a similar, and all too current, issue regarding the Arctic. The issues involved that Dickinson discusses remain topical in the Antarctic to this day.
Matthews Awards 2016 for the best of 2015
The Keith Matthews Award for the Best Book is presented to Faye Kert for Privateering: Patriots & Profits in the War of 1812, Baltimore: John Hopkins University press, 2015. Committee members' comments included, "I love it;" "It covers the gambit - social, legal, strategic organization" and "a practical guide." It is the product of impressive research from a wide range of disparate resources, both in their nature - logs, newspapers, and published - and in their location. This would be impressive for anyone, but the committee noted that it is even more so for an independent historian without institutional or funding support.
The Keith Matthews Award for a Book Deserving Special Recognition (a new award) is given to Down to Bowrings: A Memoir by Derrick Bowring, edited by Amy Bowring. This work offers an important first-hand account of the retail commerce of an important mainstay to Newfoundland life and the relationship of the firm and the communities they served to the sea.
The committee felt two books were worthy of an honourable mention. In alphabetical order of the authors' family names, the first is given to Adam Shoalts for Alone Against the North: An Expedition into the Unknown, Toronto: The Penguin Group, 2015. This modern explorer recounts the setbacks of companions who leave him, the nay-sayers, and of course, funding. None of his challenges were new. Columbus traipsing around the courts of Europe looking for a backer comes to mind. This work puts a contemporary face on these problems, and so helps our understanding of historic problems.
The Keith Matthews Award for the Best Article published in The Northern Mariner/Le marin du nord is given to Kenneth S. Mackenzie for Scaremongering or Preparedness? Navy Leagues in Canada 1895 - 1939. Mackenzie brings important new research to bear on a lobby group - navy leagues, and on Canadian naval policy. As such, it offers a window to understanding contemporary defence debates.
News, June 2015: Matthews Awards 2015 for the best of 2014
Best book: The Matthews Award for the best book published in 2014 is awarded by the committee to Gordon Smith, Edited by Whitney Lackenbauer, A Historical and Legal Study of Sovereignty in the Canadian North: Terrestrial Sovereignty, 1870 - 1939, published by the University of Calgary Press in the Northern Lights Series.
We must be grateful that the literary executors of Smith, who died in 2010 turned to Lackenabuer to prepare the manuscript for publication. The committee noted that "this is the product of literally decades of meticulous research, and it provides truly foundational information for a big field". Further, "Smith is tackling an exclusively Canadian issue, or at least one that is central to our national interests. He has done original work to an exhaustive level and, I suspect, it will serve as a foundation for much academic focus in the years if not decades to come."
Honourable Mention: The Awards Committee would like to present an Honourable Mention to Barry Gough for Pax Britannica: Ruling the Waves and Keeping the Peace before Armageddon, published by Palgrave Macmillan. One committee member noted that what he had "regarded as a brilliant synthesis of a bunch of literature ... [was] considerably more than that. Gough book is something bigger -- a substantial essay of globalism in the 19th-early 20th century." In it, he really addresses all of the big historiographical issues in studies of British imperialism for the past 50 years, ... including the superb chapters on controlling the slave trade.
Along the same lines, another member noted, "It is balanced, judicial and comprehensive. It also covers a vast topic." In sum, the committee agreed that Gough's book is 'life's work' in the sense that it brings together his reading and reflections over a whole career. It will rank up there with such scholars as Arthur Marder and Gerald Graham.
Best Article: For the award for the best article published in our journal, this year the Awards Committee had a particularly rich field from which to make a decision, because the first two issues presented most of the papers given at the centenary conference of the establishment of the Royal Canadian Navy. Nonetheless, a short list was created. Amongst that list, as one committee member noted, "quality is not an issue." Therefore, after some discussion, noting that one of the objectives of our society is to promote research on nautical subjects, it was decided that the award should be presented for a work by a young scholar.
The Matthews Award for the best article published in our journal in 2014 therefore goes to John T. Grider, for " 'Tis a shameful confession': steam power and the Pacific maritime labor community". A committee member noted that it is superb research on a big subject, and represents a major piece of work. It is not telling tales out of school to note further that this article received "rave reviews" during the peer review process.
2014: Matthews Awards 2014 for the best of 2013
The awards Committee is pleased to recognize the work of Sean Cadigan, previously an award winner for the best article, with his book, Death on Two Fronts: National Tragedies and the Fate of Democracy in Newfoundland, 1914-1934 published by Allen Lane in their History of Canada series that is edited by Margaret MacMillan and Robert Bothwell. Unlike the McClelland and Stewart history of Canada which was essentially a political history of the country in nineteen volumes, this series, to quote the editors' introduction, examines "critical turning points partly because they are good stories inthemselves but also because they show what Canada was like at particularly important juncturesin its history." They are to be commended. Recently we gave an Honourable Mention to a book in the same series, namely Roger Sarty's study of the naval war in the Gulf of St Lawrence.
The "death on two fronts" from which our winning book derives its title are a sealing fleet tragedy in the spring of 1914 in which seventy-eight men were killed, and the first day of the Battle of the Somme of 1916 when the Royal Newfoundland Regiment lost 600 men at Beaumont Hamel. As one committee member noted, "Cadigan takes the effect of these two events and relates it to subsequent developments politically in Newfoundland. The end of the story is the dominion's reversion to that of a colony in a storm of controversy, bitterness and bankruptcy with which most Canadians are not remotely aware of - Newfoundland being foreign territory till 1949, and rather alien ever since." He concluded, "It is scholarly, and ties together its narrative in an interesting and compelling fashion ... All said, a good book, worth reading and having." Another commented, "This is a major piece of scholarship, nicely rafted, like some of his other stuff, for a broader audience. I would argue that this is what academics should be doing."
News, June 2013: Matthews Awards 2013 for the best of 2012
For the Keith Matthews Prize for the best book the first Honourable Mention was for Freeman Tovell's translation of Voyage to the Northwest Coast of America, 1792: Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra and the Nootka Sound Controversy (Oklahoma University Press). The second Honourable Mention was Roger Sarty's War in the St Lawrence: The Forgotten U-Boat Battles on Canada's Shores (Allen Lane). The winner of the book prize was Chris Bell's Churchill and Sea Power (Oxford University Press).
For the best articles the Honourable Mention was for Samuel Negus "'Conduct Unbecoming of an Officer': Fraudulent Enlistment Practices at US Navy Recruitment Rendezvous during the American Civil War." The winner for the best article was Michael Whitby's "Views from a Different Side of the Jetty: Commodore A.B.F Fraser-Harris and the Royal Canadian Navy, 1946-1964."
News, May 2012: Matthews Awards 2012 for the best of 2011
Keith Matthews was a founding member and first president of the Canadian Nautical Research Society. He taught at the Memorial University of Newfoundland. He died suddenly in the mid 1980s. In his memory CNRS established awards for the best book and best article published annually. Awards have been made since at least 1987 for the 1986 publication year.
Best Article. This award is made for the best article published in the society's journal, The Northern Mariner/Le marin du nord. This year the awards committee is also recognizing one article with an "Honourable Mention."
The Honourable Mention is presented to Carl Swanson for his article ' "The unspeakable Calamity this poor Province Suffers from Pyrats": South Carolina and the Golden Age of Piracy'
The award for the best article is presented to George Bolotenko for 'Wartime Explosions in Archangel, 1916 - 1917: "Bakaritsa is Burning"; "Ekonomiia is Now a Wasteland"'. This article presents original research in Russian language sources, and Dr Bolotenko provides his own translations of important excerpt. His topic is an event that is almost entirely unknown. His article skilfully sets out the complex chain of events for each of the two disasters, and provides preliminary analysis that will be valuable to specialists. As the article rightly emphasizes, there are important parallels with the Halifax explosion of December 1917, which makes the piece of special interest to Canadian readers.
Best Book. This award is made for the best book written by a Canadian on any maritime subject, or by anyone on a Canadian maritime subject. Again, the awards committee has decided to recognize one book with an Honourable Mention.
The Honourable Mention is presented to Katharine Lochnan for Black Ice: David Blackwood Prints of Newfoundland, which was published by Douglas & McIntyre and the Art Gallery of Ontario. This book offers well written and substantial articles on various aspects of the work of the important Newfoundland artist, David Blackwood. In the words of one committee member: "the Blackwood volume is beautifully produced and a joy to go through".
The award for the best book published in 2011 is presented to James Pritchard for A Bridge of Ships: Canadian Shipbuilding during the Second World War, published by McGill Queen's University Press. There is prodigious new research from an impressive diversity of sources, both archival and published. No less impressive is the depth and imagination of the analysis, which cogently welds together materials bearing on such wide-ranging subjects as detailed labour practices in shipyards, supply of specific raw materials, national economic policies, and relations between the wartime Allies in little-known areas of logistics. One committee member commented: "It seems to me this book fills a significant gap - as significant in its way as the recent tomes on the RCN itself."
News, May 2011: The CNRS Prizes for the Keith Matthews Awards for Books, 2010 were announced at the Annual General Meeting in Ottawa. Best Book published in 2010 was awarded to Barry Gough for his Historical Dreadnoughts: Arthur Marder, Stephen Roskill and Battles for Naval History, published by Seaforth Publishing, ISBN: 9781848320772 (1848320779) with an honourable mention to William Johnston, William G.P. Rawling, Richard H. Gimblett and John McFarlane, The Seabound Coast: The Official History of the Royal Canadian Navy, 1867 - 1939, volume 1, published by Dundurn Press.
The Keith Matthews Award for 2009 for best scholarly article in The Northern Mariner was awarded to James Pritchard for The Beaver and the Bear: Canadian Mutual Aid, Ship Repairing and the Soviet Far Eastern Merchant Fleet 1941 - 1945 in Volume XX, No. 2 with an Honourable Mention to Janet Maybee The Persecution of Pilot Mackey in Volume XX, No. 2.
The Gerry Panting Award for New Scholars was shared between Sam McLean and Corbin Williamson for the papers that they presented at the CNRS Annual Conference, Ottawa, 2011.
News, June 2010: The CNRS Prizes for the Keith Matthews Awards for Books, 2009 were announced at the Halifax Annual General Meeting. Best Book published in 2009 was awarded to Professor Eric L. Mills for his The Fluid Envelope of our Planet: How the Study of Ocean Currents Became a Science (University of Toronto Press, ISBN 978-0802-09697-5) with honourable mentions for Dr Richard Gimblett The Naval Service of Canada 1910 - 2010: The Centennial Story (Dundurn Press, ISBN 978-1554-88472-8) and Glyn Williams Arctic Labyrinth: The Quest for the Northwest Passage, (Viking Canada, ISBN 978-0670-06869-2).
The Keith Matthews Award for 2009 for best scholarly article in The Northern Mariner was awarded to Jonathan R. Dull for The Myth of French Abandonment in Volume XIX, No. 1.
The Gerry Panting Award for New Scholars was awarded to Samuel McLean, Wilfred Laurier University, for his paper Richmond and Callender : the hidden debate of 1942 presented at the CNRS Annual Conference, Halifax, 2010.
News, September 2009: The CNRS Prizes for 2008 were announced at the Victoria Annual General Meeting.
News, September 2008: The CNRS Prizes for 2007 were announced at the Québec Annual General Meeting.
The Canadian Nautical Research Society (CNRS) holds annual competitions for its prestigious Keith Matthews Awards. These prestigious awards are named after the renowned maritime historian from Memorial University who was also a founder and first president of the CNRS. Keith Matthews died in 1984 and the first award in his name was made the following year.
There are two kinds of awards:
1. The Keith Matthews Award for Best Book
The annual Keith Matthews Award is for the best book published in the previous calendar year on a Canadian nautical subject or by a Canadian on any nautical subject. Monographs and edited collections are eligible and subject matter can include oceanic and inland waters, naval or non-naval, from any discipline. The award is announced at the Society's annual meetings.
Winners of the Keith Matthews Award for Best Book
Please note that the year of the award refers to books published during the previous year.
2010: Eric L. Mills, The Fluid Envelope of our Planet: How the Study of Ocean Currents Became a Science (University of Toronto Press, ISBN 978-0802-09697-5)
Honourable Mention: edited by Richard Gimblett, The Naval Service of Canada 1910 - 2010: The Centennial Story,, (Dundurn Press, ISBN 978-1554-88472-8)
Honourable Mention: Glyn Williams, Arctic Labyrinth: The Quest for the Northwest Passage (Viking Canada, ISBN 978-0670-06869-2)
2009: Freeman M. Tovell, At the Far Reaches of Empire: The Life of Juan Francisco de la Bodega Y Quadra (UBC Press).
Honourable Mention: Ken McGoogan, Race to the Polar Sea: The Heroic Adventures and Romantic Obsessions of Elisha Kent Kane (HarperCollins)
Honourable Mention: Taras Grescoe, Bottomfeeder: How to Eat Ethically in a World of Vanishing Seafood (HarperCollins)
2008: [Please see the Awards Committee report.]
2007: Keith McLaren, A Race for Real Sailors: The Bluenose and the International Fishermen's Cup, 1920-1938, (Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 2006)
Honourable Mention: Daniel Sekulich, Ocean Titans: Journeys in Search of The Soul of a Ship (Toronto: Penguin Canada, 2006)
Honourable Mention: Peter A. Robson, Salmon Farming: The Whole Story (Nanoose Bay, B.C.: Heritage House, 2006)
Honourable Mention: Michael Whitby, Richard Gimblett, and Peter Haydon, eds., The Admirals: Canada's Senior Naval Leadership in the Twentieth Century (Toronto: Dundurn, 2006)
Honourable Mention: John G. Langley, Steam Lion: A Biography of Samuel Cunard (Halifax: Nimbus, 2006)
2006: Anthony B. Dickinson and Chesley W. Sanger, Twentieth Century Shore-Station Whaling in Newfoundland and Labrador (Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2005)
Honourable Mention: Michael Whitby, ed. Commanding Canadians: The Second World War diaries of Commander A.F.C. Layard (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2005)
Honourable Mention: Dennis Brown, Salmon Wars: the Battle for the West Coast Salmon Fishery (Madeira Park, B.C.: Harbour Publishing, 2005)
Honourable Mention: Noel Elizabeth Currie, Constructing Colonial Discourse: Captain Cook at Nootka Sound (Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queens University Press, 2005)
2005: Julian Gwyn, Ashore and Afloat: The British Navy and the Halifax Naval Yard before 1820 (Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, 2004)
Honourable Mention: Werner Hirschmann with Donald Graves, Another Place, Another Time: A U-Boat Officer's Wartime Album (Toronto: Robin Brass, 2004)
Honourable Mention: Fraser M. McKee, 'Sink all the Shipping there:' the Wartime Loss of Canada's Merchant Ships and Fishing Schooners (St. Catharines, Ont.: Vanwell, 2004)
Honourable Mention: Richard Gimblett, Operation Apollo: The Golden Age of the Canadian Navy in the War against Terrorism (Ottawa: Magic Light Publishing and the Department of National Defence, 2004)
2004: W.A.B. Douglas, Roger Sarty, Michael Whitby, Robert H. Caldwell, William Johnston, and William G. P. Rawling, No Higher Purpose. The Official Operational History of the Royal Canadian Navy in the Second World War, 1939-1943, Volume II, Part I (St. Catharines, Ontario: Vanwell Publishing, 2002)
Honourable Mention: Jerry Bannister, The Rule of the Admirals: Law, Custom, and Naval Government in Newfoundland, 1699-1832 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003)
Honourable Mention: Julian Gwyn, Frigates and Foremasts: The North American Squadron in Nova Scotia Waters, 1745-1815 (UBC Press, 2003)
2003: John Jennings, The Canoe : A Living Tradition (Firefly Books, 2002)
Honourable Mention: John G. Armstrong, The Halifax explosion and the Royal Canadian Navy : inquiry and intrigue (UBC Press, 2002)
2002: James McDermott, Martin Frobisher : Elizabethan Privateer (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2001)
2001: Brian Tennyson and Roger Sarty, Guardian of the Gulf : Sydney, Cape Breton and the Atlantic Wars (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2000)
2000: Thomas H.B. Symons, Meta Incognita : A Discourse of Discovery - Martin Frobisher's Arctic Expeditions, 1576 - 1578 (Hull, Quebec: The Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1999)
1999: Emerson W. Baker and John G. Reid, The New England Knight : Sir William Phips, 1651 - 1698 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998)
1998: W. Gillies Ross, This Distant and Unsurveyed Country : A Woman's Winter at Baffin Island, 1857-58 (Montreal: McGill Queen's University Press, 1997)
1997: Pierre Camu, Le Saint-Laurent et les grands lacs au temps de la voile 1608-1850 (Montréal, Les Editions Hurtubise, 1996)
1996: James Pritchard, Anatomy of a Naval Disaster : The 1746 French Expedition to North America (Montreal: McGill Queen's University Press, 1995)
Honourable Mention: Michael Hadley Count not the Dead : The Popular Image of the german Submarine (Montreal: McGill Queen's University Press, 1995)
Honourable Mention: John D. Fudge, Cargoes, Embargoes and Emissaries : The Commercial and Political Interaction of England and the German Hanse, 1450-1510 (Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1995)
Honourable Mention: Eileen Reid Marcil, The Charley-Man : a Hisory of Wooden Shipbuilding at Quebec, 1763-1893 (Kingston, Quarry Press, 1995)
1995: Wayne M. O'Leary, The Tancook Schooners: An Island and Its Boats (Montreal, McGill Queen's University Press, 1994)
1994: Dianne Newell, Tangled Webs of History : Indians and the Law in Canada's Pacific Coast Fisheries (Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1993)
1993: James R. Gibson, Otter Skins, Boston Ships, and China Goods: The Maritime Fur Trade of the Northwest Coast 1785 - 1841 (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1992)
Honourable Mention: Barry M. Gough, The Northwest Coast: British Navigation, Trade, and Discoveries to 1812 (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1992)
Honourable Mention: G.P.V. Akrigg and Helen B. Akrigg, H.M.S. Virago in the Pacific 1851 - 1855: To the Queen Charlottes and Beyond (Victoria: Sono Nis Press, 1992)
1992: Michael Hadley and Roger Sarty, Tin-Pots and Pirate Ships: Canadian Naval Forces and German Sea Raiders 1880 - 1918 (Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1991)
Honourable Mention: Rosemary E. Ommer, From Outpost to Outport: A Structural Analysis of the Jersey-Gaspé Cod Fishery, 1767 - 1886 (Montreal and Kingston: McGIll-Queen's University Press, 1991)
1991: Eric W. Sager with Gerald E. Panting, Maritime Capital: The Shipping Industry in Atlantic Canada, 1820 - 1914 (Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1990)
Honourable Mention: Jean-François Brière, La Pêche française en Amérique du Nord au XVIIIe siècle (Editions Fides, 1990)
1990: Brian Loring Villa, Unauthorized Action: Mountbatten and the Dieppe Raid (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1989)
Honourable Mention: Eric Sager, Seafaring Labour: The Merchant Marine of Atlantic Canada, 1820 - 1914 (Montreal and Kingston; McGill-Queen's University Press, 1989)
1989: Gordon Stead, A Leaf Upon the Sea: A Small Ship in the Mediterranean, 1941 - 1943 (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1988)
Honourable Mention: W.A.B. Douglas, ed., The RCN in Transition, 1910 - 1985 (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1988)
1988: J.F. Bosher, The Canada Merchants, 1713 - 63 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987)
Honourable Mention: Aliette Geistdoerfer, Pêcheurs acadiens, pêcheurs madelinots: Ethnologie d'une communauté de pêcheurs (Quebec: Presses Universitaires de Laval, 1987)
Honourable Mention: Clyde Sanger, Ordering the Oceans: The Making of the Law of the Sea (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1987)
1987: Ian K. Steele, The English Atlantic 1675 - 1740: An Exploration of Communications and Community (New York: Oxford University Press, 1986)
1986: Michael L. Hadley, U-boats Against Canada: German Submarines in Canadian Waters (Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1985)
1985: Barry M. Gough, Gunboat Frontier: British Maritime Authority and the Northwest Coast Indians, 1846 - 1890 (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1984)
2. The Keith Matthews Award for Best Scholarly Article
In 1986 the CNRS extended its Matthews Awards to include articles on nautical affairs published in scholarly journals or as essays or chapters in edited volumes. Beginning with awards made in 2000 it was decided to limit eligibility for this award to the best article published in the society's own refereed journal, The Northern Mariner/Le marin du nord.
Previous Keith Matthews Awards for Best Scholarly Article
2009: Jonathan R. Dull for his article "The Myth of French Abandonment," which appeared in Vol. XIX, No. 1, January 2009, 1-6.
2008: John C. Appleby for his article "Conflict, co-operation and competition: the rise and fall of the Hull whaling trade during the seventeenth century," which appeared in Vol. XVIII, No. 2, April 2008, 23-59.
2005: Benjamin H. Trask's "The World of 'Septic Vapours': Yellow Fever and United States Shipping, 1798-1905"
Honourable Mention: Robert L. Davison's "'Auxillium ab Alto:' the Royal Navy Executive Branch and the Experience of War"
2004: Stephan Vanfraechem, "'La peur du rouge:' Communist Action Committees in the Port of Antwerp during the 1930s and 1940s"
2003: Timothy Wilford, "Decoding Pearl Harbor: USN Cryptoanalysis and the Challenge of JN-25 in 1941"
2002: Julian Gwyn, "The Halifax Naval Yard and Mast Contractors, 1775 - 1815"
2001: Michael L. Hadley, "Grand Admiral Doenitz (1891 - 1980): A Dramatic Key to the Man behind the Mask"
2000: Richard Gimblett, "'Too Many Chiefs and Not Enough Seamen:' The Lower-Deck Complement of a Postwar Canadian Destroyer - The Case of HMCS Crescent, March 1949"
1999: William E. Schrank, "Benefiting Fishermen: Origins of Fishermen's Unemployument Insurance in Canada, 1935 - 1957," Journal of Canadian Studies, 35, No 1, (Spring 1998)
1993: Shannon Ryan, "The Industrial Revolution and the Newfoundland Seal Fishery," International Journal of Maritime History, IV: 2, (December 1992)
1992: Colin Howell & Richard Twomey, (eds), Jack Tar in History, (Fredericton, NB: Acadiensis Press, 1991). N.B.: Rather than single out one article, the Committee recognized this entire volume for its significant contribution to maritime studies.
1991: Sean Cadigan, "Battle Harbour in Transition: Merchants, Fishermen and the State in the Struggle of Relief in a Labrador Community during the 1930s," Labour/Le Travail, XXVI (1990)
Honourable Mention: R.V. Kubicek, "The Colonial Steamer and the Occupation of West Africa by the Victorian State, 1840 - 1900," Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, XVIII (1990)
1990: Marc Milner, "The Implications of Technological Backwardness: The Royal Canadian Navy 1939 - 1945," Canadian Defence Quarterly, Vol 9 No 3, (Winter 1989)
Honourable Mention: Garth Wilson, "The Great Lakes Historical Ships Research Project: An Innovative Approach to Documentation and Analysis of Historic Hull Design," International Journal of Maritime History, Vol 1 No 2, (December 1989)
1989: C. Knick Harley, "Ocean Freight Rates and Productivity, 1740 - 1913: The Primacy of Mechanical Invention Reaffirmed," Journal of Economic History, XLVIII, No 4, (December 1988)
Honourable Mention: John Mannion, "The Maritime Trade of Waterford in the Eighteenth Century," in William J. Smith and Kevin Whelan, (eds.) Common Ground: Essays on the Historical Geography or Ireland (Cork: Cork University Press, 1988)
1988: James Pritchard, "From Shipwright to Naval Contractor: The Professionalization of 18th Century French Shipbuilders," Technology and Culture XVIII, No 1 (January 1987)
Honourable Mention: W.J. Jurens, "The Loss of H.M.S. Hood - A Re-examination," Warship International, XXIV, No 2, (1987)
1987: T.J.A. LeGoff, "Les gens de mer devant le système des classes (1755 - 1763): résistance ou passivité?" in Alain Lottin, Jean Claude Hochquet et Stephane Lebecq, (eds.) Revue du Nord: Acts du colloque de Boulogne-sur-mer, juin 1984, published as a special number of Revue du Nord in 1986
1986: Carl Swanson, "American Privateering and Imperial Warfare, 1739 - 48," William and Mary Quarterly, 1985
The Awards Committee
A three-person Keith Matthews Awards Committee consisting of a Chair and two Society members is elected at the Society's Annual General Meeting for a term of three years. Terms can be extended for a further three years.
Terms of Reference:
The CNRS, founded in 1981, has a mandate to encourage research and to promote knowledge of maritime affairs relating to Canada. In keeping with this mandate the Society has chosen to award a prize annually named after Jacques Cartier, navigator of Saint-Malo, master mariner and explorer of France, who voyaged into the Gulf and River St. Lawrence which he named and in three voyages traced details of a watery entry into the heart of a continent. From aboriginal inhabitants he learned of a river, the Ottawa, leading to a fresh water sea, the Great Lakes, and a passage beyond which might lead to Cathay.
To encourage graduate studies at the Master's level at Canadian universities and institutes of higher learning where such studies may be carried out, the Society intends to award annually at its next subsequent meeting this prize. Areas of research include, but are not limited to, history, political studies and political economy, literature, archaeology, underwater archaeology, anthropology, geography, sociology, ecology, and any other branch of learning related to human uses of the seas, oceans, rivers or lakes. Theses demonstrating inter-disciplinary approaches beyond history and the arts are encouraged.
Candidates shall be, in the first instance, Canadian citizens or landed immigrants attending a Canadian university or institution of higher learning or a similar foreign institution writing on a Canadian maritime topic. Three printed copies of the thesis, which must have been successfully completed and examined (leading to successful completion of the degree), are to be submitted to the Society, to the address shown below by January 1 of the year in which the prize is to be awarded. The Society cannot bear the cost of downloading electronic submissions.
Awarding the prize shall be at the discretion of the judges who may also award honourable mentions. The thesis as submitted becomes the property of the Society to be added to its archives. The judges may recommend publication of the award-winning thesis, in whole or in part, in The Northern Mariner, or other publication.
Applicants shall provide a covering letter in which biographical details of the author and particulars of mailing address, telephone numbers, and e-mail address are supplied. A letter from a head of department or dean of faculty in the university or institute in which the thesis is completed stating the the thesis has passed examination must include the dates of submission and examination. Some universities have cognate essays or extended research papers, and provided they demonstrate original research of an extended order and are at least 70 pages in length, they may also be considered; but in first instance preference will be given to theses submitted and successfully defended.
Submissions and nominations are to be made to:
The Gerry Panting Award is a financial award of not more than $1,000 CDN to assist a new scholar in the field of nautical research to present a paper (in English or French) at the CNRS annual conference. The person selected should be in the early stages of his or her career in the field of maritime research.
1996 Daniel Conlin, Memorial University of Newfoundland
1997 David Clarke, Memorial University of Newfoundland
1998 Dr. Joseph Maiolo, London School of Economics and Political Science
1999 Bradley T. Shoebottom, University of New Brunswick
2000 Michael Dove, University of Western Ontario
2001 Kimberley Monk, East Carolina University
2002 William Miles, Memorial University of Newfoundland
2010 Samuel McLean, Wilfred Laurier University
2011 Shared by Sam McLean
2012 Shared by Natalie Anderson, University of British Columbia
The Gerald Panting New Scholar's Award is a financial award of not more than $1000 to assist new scholars in the filed of nautical research to present a paper at the CNRS annual conference. The person selected as a Gerald Panting New Scholar should be in the early stages of his or her career in the field of maritime research.
Each year, a three-member committee consisting of a Chair and two members will select the Gerald Panting New Scholar Recipient. This committee will be chaired by the Awards Committee Chair and comprise members of the annual conference organising committee, including the Programme Chair. It will review applications from new scholars.
Terms of Reference:
The CNRS Merit Award is a discretionary award by which the society acknowledges excellence. It is applicable to individuals or institutions such as museums, archives or educational organizations. The first 2002 award recognizes the editorial contribution of Professor Lewis R. "Skip" Fischer, who co-founded and served as editor of the CNRS journal, The Northern Mariner/ Le Marin du nord from its first issue in January 1991 to January 2001.
A second Merit Award recognizes the work of Dr. Olaf U. Janzen, a founding co-editor of the journal and Book Review Editor from 1991 to 2000.
The CNRS Merit Award is a discretionary award by the Society to acknowledge excellence in Canadian nautical research applicable to individuals or institutions such as museums, archives or educational organizations.
The Keith Matthews Awards committee will serve as the Merit Award Committee.
Terms of Reference:
Canadian Nautical Research Society - Société canadienne pour la recherche nautique
P.O. Box 34029
Copyright © 2018, CNRS / SCRN.
Last revised: 4 August 2018